Recycled Rhetoric

Let me call your attention to a quote that’s been popping up all over the Internet lately, from a speech President Obama gave in Roanoke, Virginia, last Friday:

Two comments — First, I’ve seen several of the President’s supporters claim that he is being quoted “out of context”, as if his opponents are up to shenanigans. (This particular objection, by the way, seems to be a tacet admission that there is something wrong with what is quoted above.) So, in the interest of fairness, here is the immediate context of the quote:

Look, if you’ve been successful, you didn’t get there on your own.  You didn’t get there on your own.  I’m always struck by people who think, well, it must be because I was just so smart.  There are a lot of smart people out there.  It must be because I worked harder than everybody else.  Let me tell you something — there are a whole bunch of hardworking people out there.

If you were successful, somebody along the line gave you some help.  There was a great teacher somewhere in your life.  Somebody helped to create this unbelievable American system that we have that allowed you to thrive.  Somebody invested in roads and bridges.  If you’ve got a business — you didn’t build that.  Somebody else made that happen.  The Internet didn’t get invented on its own.  Government research created the Internet so that all the companies could make money off the Internet.

The point is, is that when we succeed, we succeed because of our individual initiative, but also because we do things together.  There are some things, just like fighting fires, we don’t do on our own.

If this isn’t enough context for you, here is a transcript of the entire speech. Knock yourself out. But I think the quote in the graphic is a pretty fair representation of what the President was trying to communicate.

So here’s the second thing: There is absolutely nothing new here. Obama is a great campaigner, and voters love stuff like this because it sounds so true. That’s why last year, was working so hard to spread a virtually identical quote from a speech given by Elizabeth Warren shortly after she announced her candidacy for this year’s Senatorial election. Here’s the “viral” quote from last Fall:

Whether you saw this quote last year or not, surely you can see the similarity between Warren’s words and those of her boss (one of the plethora of new government jobs created by our current President — “Special Advisor for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau” — belongs to Warren). So rather than respond directly to Obama’s quote, let me refer you instead to what I wrote in response to Elizabeth Warren last September, which pretty much all applies to the latest rhetoric from the Campaigner-in-Chief.

Time to move on.

Combing the Net – 6/22/2012

Why Women Still Can’t Have It All — A long but worthwhile article by Anne-Marie Slaughter, who left a high-powered “foreign policy dream job” on Hilary Clinton’s staff in order to be able to spend more time with her children. She calls for women to have a more nuanced and realistic idea of what it means to “have it all” in the first place. (HT: Anne Thurmond on Facebook)

Women of my generation have clung to the feminist credo we were raised with, even as our ranks have been steadily thinned by unresolvable tensions between family and career, because we are determined not to drop the flag for the next generation. But when many members of the younger generation have stopped listening, on the grounds that glibly repeating “you can have it all” is simply airbrushing reality, it is time to talk.

I still strongly believe that women can “have it all” (and that men can too). I believe that we can “have it all at the same time.” But not today, not with the way America’s economy and society are currently structured

How Your View of God Shapes Your View of the Economy — This is a fascinating sociological study which surveyed Americans to find correlations between theological beliefs and economic beliefs. I have no doubt that there is a strong correlation (theology absolutely affects everything in our lives!), but I’m not sure the researcher understands why there is a correlation. For instance, he writes: “Because evangelicals assert that you alone are responsible for your eternal salvation, it makes sense that the individual is also responsible for his or her economic salvation without government assistance, especially if God is the only assistance you really need.” While many professing believers do believe that are “alone” responsible for their eternal salvation, this is certainly not the belief of all, or even most, evangelicals. My free market convictions are absolutely tied to my religious convictions, but for very different (and almost opposite) reasons.

Is Barack Obama a Christian? — Owen Strachen excerpts two articles from Christianity Today which address this question; one writer arguing affirmatively, the other (Strachen) concluding that the President is not an orthodox Christian but a proponent of theological Liberalism… which as J. Gresham Machen made clear, is something else entirely.

Why does your food look different in advertising than what is in the store?” A McDonald’s marketing director gives a very helpful answer to this question. (HT: Challies)

Combing the Net – 5/10/2012

There’s pretty much just one story going on today, both in the national media and in the blogosphere. Barack Obama has announced his personal support for gay marriage, though it remains to be seen whether he will promote policy changes to make his preference the law of the land. So today’s “Combing the Net” is a roundup of some of the more interesting/provocative posts I’ve come across on the subject of gay marriage. These will come from a variety of perspectives; nobody (including me) will agree with everything said in all these posts, but I hope that they will challenge us all to consider the complexity of the issue rather than give in to the polarization it seems to cause. I have erased and re-written more times than I can count a post that I began many months ago in an effort to clarify my own feelings on the matter, but have not been able to find the right words. Perhaps I’ll be able to complete it soon.

A Challenge to Both Sides of the Amendment One Debate — Justin Lee, executive director of The Gay Christian Network and North Carolina resident, models the type of graciousness that I wish everyone could use as we talk through these issues, though I disagree with him in some very important ways on the interpretation of Scripture.

Yes, I voted against the amendment, as did many of my friends and hundreds of thousands of other NC residents. But I also know people who voted for it, and I know that they are not simply bigoted, homophobic, backwards people. It’s way more complicated than that.

How to Win a Culture War and Lose a Generation — Rachel Held Evans is another blogger with whom I have major theological differences, but she has her finger on the pulse of our generation, and many of her observations are very astute. Young people from all over the political and theological spectrum do feel that the Church has mishandled its response to homosexuality. Myself included.

Later research, documented in Kinnaman’s You Lost Me, reveals that one of the top reasons 59 percent of young adults with a Christian background have left the church is because they perceive the church to be too exclusive, particularly regarding their LGBT friends.  Eight million twenty-somethings have left the church, and this  is one reason why. In my experience, all the anecdotal evidence backs up the research… every single student I have spoken with believes that the Church has mishandled its response to homosexuality.

Three Lessons I Learned Through This Amendment Process — J.D. Greear, author of Gospel: Recovering the Power That Made Christianity Revolutionary, is the pastor of a church in North Carolina. Here he recounts some of the difficulties involved in keeping the Gospel as the central focus in a contentious political climate.

Godly people can disagree over the merits of this or that amendment and remain united in Christ. I heard very mature, godly and intelligent people explain why they approached this amendment differently than I did. I respect that. We can disagree, tell one another we disagree, and still remain united in Christ. Maturity is not simply knowing what to believe, but how much weight to place on particular aspects of what we believe.

What Is Better? — I won’t pretend to be able to know what it must be like to have an attraction I didn’t choose but which seems so central to who I am, and to be told that I must deny what seems natural to me in order to follow Christ… but this is exactly what the gospel demands of those with same-sex attraction. This post by Jared Wilson is something I can relate to, and helps me to empathize with those who, like me, have an orientation toward sin which must be overcome in order to pursue the greater promise of ultimate fulfillment in Christ. (For increased empathy, you might also be interested in Wesley Hill’s book Washed and Waiting: Reflections on Christian Faithfulness and Homosexuality, which I reviewed last year.)

Don’t believe the lie that struggling always to obey God is a worse lot in life than disobeying him with peace. God did not make us to “feel good inside” (or outside) all the time this side of heaven; he made us to share in the sufferings of Christ, that we might share in his resurrection.

President Obama’s Scriptural Defense of Gay Marriage — Denny Burk takes issue with the President’s use of Scripture to support his affirmation of gay marriage.

President Obama’s scriptural defense of gay marriage is not just untenable; it’s also unchristian. Even though this is a contentious issue, the most loving thing to do would be to stand on the authority of scripture and on God’s definition of the good. Unfortunately, President Obama has fallen short of both today.

How to Win the Public on Homosexuality — Of all the posts I’ve shared, this one by Collin Hansen is probably the most helpful. If you only read one, choose this one.

These contributing factors tempt Christians to heap all the blame on crafty, malicious “others” for redefining the divine institution of marriage. But political strategy and tactics alone don’t explain such a pronounced shift in public sentiment, especially among younger generations of Americans. Indeed, regaining the ground Christians have lost on homosexuality will require widespread repentance, painful self-examination, and new resolve to pursue self-denying holiness. Most of all, we need the life-giving power that comes from Jesus alone.

How I Wish the Homosexuality Debate Would Go — While all the above posts are from the last three days, this was written last year. Still, I thought it was fitting to include here this mock interview written by Trevin Wax.

 I recognize that some people have mistreated homosexuals in the past. It’s a shame that anyone anywhere would mock, taunt, or bully another human being made in God’s image. That said, I think we need to make one thing clear in regard to civil discourse: To differ is not to hate. I hope we can still have a real conversation in this country about different points of view without casting one another in the worst possible light.

Combing the Net – 5/3/2012

Warrior in Chief — This editorial from The New York Times makes the case that Barack Obama is not the peacenik he’s often portrayed to be, but rather one of the most militarily aggressive presidents in American history. Ironically, I suspect that many on the far-right would applaud this quote had it come from any mouth but Obama’s:

“I face the world as it is, and cannot stand idle in the face of threats to the American people. For make no mistake: Evil does exist in the world. A nonviolent movement could not have halted Hitler’s armies. Negotiations cannot convince Al Qaeda’s leaders to lay down their arms. To say that force is sometimes necessary is not a call to cynicism — it is a recognition of history, the imperfections of man, and the limits of reason.”

Libertarian Leanings of Young Voters Dampen Obama’s Appeal — If Obama’s re-election hinges on young voters, he may be in trouble thanks to the rise of Libertarianism.

Men In Black: The Secret Service Photographed — A photo essay from TIME magazine.

What All Teachers Should Learn From Jazz-Band Teachers — This neuroscientist believes that schools could benefit from teaching all subjects much in the same way that good jazz educators teach. He makes a lot of great points, but here are two favorite quotes:

How well a student has learned jazz is public knowledge. They can’t hide. What you know and can do is on public display, all the time in practice sessions with fellow band members and, of course, in public performances. In marked contrast, it is against the law for teachers in other subject areas to reveal grades on individual performance, even within the more private area of the classroom. The belief system in education these days is that you should not allow an unprepared and under-performing student to be embarrassed. What dingbat policy maker came up with that? I know; it comes from the perverse politically correct movement that ignores the reality that self-esteem needs to be earned…

Unlike traditional education, where the goal is to meet minimum standards on state-mandated tests, jazz band directors make very clear their high expectations that everybody in each band class should become as proficient as they can. The whole point of their teaching is mastery and excellence. They expect excellence and they get it, as witnessed by festival performances such as I saw. Thanks to the unenlightened thinking of No Child Left Behind law, our public education has degenerated into “No Child Pushed Forward.”

Doan-Fisher Friendship Bigger Than Hockey — A few days ago I posted a video from TSN about the faith of Nashville Predators’ forward Mike Fisher. Now, ESPN has also published a faith-related article, looking at the friendship between Fisher and Phoenix Coyotes’ captain Shane Doan.

I would have loved to be at the Nashville Predators game last night, not just to see them pull off a great win, but also to see Charlie Daniels tearing up the band stage during the intermissions! (HT: OTF)

Combing the Net – 5/1/2012

Is the Megachurch the New Liberalism? — Al Mohler, who serves as a teaching pastor in a megachurch, asks some very tough questions about the trajectory of the theology of American evangelicalism as led by the megachurch culture. Specifically, he asks whether the reluctance to speak about divorce (for fear of losing church members) has led to a church culture that affirms sin in an attempt to “save” the church, which is exactly what happened early in the 20th Century with the rise of theological liberalism. As an example, he refers to a recent sermon by Andy Stanley, the influential pastor of Atlanta’s Northpoint Community Church (and son of Charles Stanley). You can watch the sermon here (the segment in question begins around 24 minutes in). It’s a long article, but if you only read one thing today, make it this one. It’s going to make the rounds, and will probably spark a lot of good discussion. Stay tuned!

About That New Obama Slogan — I’m not a fan of our current president, but have never taken him for an idiot. But what is he thinking? If he doesn’t want to be called a Socialist, why the heck does he choose the same campaign slogan used by Germany’s Social Democratic Party since 1884? Of course, the SDP party platform — not to be confused with the National Socialist (Nazi) Party — does pretty much represent what Barack Obama has consistently promoted during his administration.

What Augustine’s Baptism Can Teach Our Churches — When a staunch Southern Baptist like Russell Moore starts talking about learning from a Roman Catholic author’s book about a paedobaptist church father, you know it’s going to be interesting! Great stuff as always from Dr. Moore.

A Theology of Reading — Here’s an 11-minute podcast with Tony Reinke, author of Lit! A Christian Guide to Reading Books, which is absolutely phenomenal. Hopefully the podcast will whet your appetite for the book!

Free Audiobook of the Month — Speaking of books, the free book of the month is Resolving Everyday Conflict, by Ken Sande. I haven’t read (or listened) yet, so can’t offer a recommendation one way or another.

I enjoyed this video addressing common objections to Christianity (HT: Thabiti Anyabwile):

Combing the Net – 4/25/2012

Thou Shalt Not Commit Logical Fallacies — It’s no replacement for a good study in formal logic, but here’s a fun and helpful website dedicated to teaching about the 24 most common logical fallacies. I especially enjoyed this poster, which may need to make an appearance soon on classroom walls at Highland Rim Academy.

The Case for Christian Education — Speaking of HRA, here’s an article by James K.A. Smith that concisely lays out some reasons why Christian education is so important. The article is a couple years old (in fact, I’ve posted it on this blog before), but has recently been the topic of ongoing conversation. For instance, Anthony Bradley asks here why “New Calvinists” don’t seem to value the Reformed tradition’s emphasis on Christian education. The video interview with Dan Kunkle at the end of this link is a good one.

Thinking About Seminary — Close friends and family know that I’ve struggled for years now with the decision on whether or not to attend seminary. Tim Challies and David Murray bring up pretty much all the reasons this is a tough call, but I especially appreciate the way that Challies articulates the main reason why I’ve decided against doing online seminary: “Seminary training is much more than data-transfer. Ethos and pathos are as important as logos and you can’t communicate that without personal presence.

The Value of Writing — Matthew Lee Anderson reflects on the significant drop in price of his book. Is it an insult to have it sell for so little, or a blessing in that more people will read the book? Either way, Earthen Vessels: Why Our Bodies Matter to Our Faith is a great book, and worth buying even though the “limited time only” price of $3.49 just ended (it’s still just $4.99 on Kindle). I hope to get a review written soon.

Beyond a Trickle-Down Liturgy — The album Russell Moore mentions in this post is a good one (I downloaded it this morning), but I also enjoyed (and agree with) his take on the means through which churches tend to choose their music. I, for one, don’t want a “trickle-down liturgy”; I want songs chosen to speak truth into my heart, and the hearts of the congregation, regardless of age, genre, or popularity.

Joel Osteen: Romney Is a Christian — Yet another thing that Mitt Romney and Barack Obama have in common: Joel Osteen’s personal endorsement of the genuineness of their Christian faith! Forgive me if this does not inspire much confidence. For a more objective look at the differences between Mormonism and orthodox Christianity from someone who, unlike Osteen, actually understands and teaches the basic tenets of the Christian faith, check out this resource from Joe Carter and this one from Kevin DeYoung.

Remembering Chuck Colson, who died last week:

And here’s a similar but longer version of this video:

Why Most Conservatives Won’t Vote for Ron Paul

"We must change our foreign policy from one of interventionism and confrontation to cooperation and diplomacy."

Ron Paul is a kook.” “Ron Paul is crazy.” “Ron Paul is an isolationist.” “I like Ron Paul except on foreign policy.

We’ve all heard this before, right? Shoot, four years ago, you might have heard it from me. During the 2008 election cycle, I was all aboard the Paulwagon until I allowed myself to be talked off of it by talking heads who told me that Paul’s foreign policy was dangerous. Unfortunately, I was too lazy to look into it myself, believing instead the misleading summaries of his political opponents (and the pundits who supported them).

Having now rectified that situation, reading and listening in-depth to his own explanation of his foreign policy, it has gone from being the only reason I didn’t support him to being perhaps the primary reason I do support him.

For those of you who find yourselves today in the position I was in four years ago — appreciating Ron Paul’s economic policy but hesitant to buy into his foreign policy — allow me to show you what changed my mind. This may challenge many of your presuppositions, but I hope you’ll look into it with an open mind.

Warning: If you have fed yourself a steady diet of Hannity, Levin, Beck, et cetera, and actually believe that they are providing you with objective and factual information, this probably won’t help you. (But keep reading anyway, just in case!)

Isolationism vs. Noninterventionism

There are many reasons why people disagree with Paul’s foreign policy, but I think they fall into a few general categories. The first is a misunderstanding between the concepts of “isolationism” — which is how Paul’s position is often characterized by his opponents — and “noninterventionism”, which is the term Paul himself uses. Many of us remember the following exchange from one of the 2008 Republican debates, which, in a political culture that values sound bytes over sound policy, was probably a huge victory for the eventual nominee:

Wow… people like Ron Paul caused World War II? That is a scary thought! But is it true?

The implication behind the assertion that America “let” Hitler come to power through an “isolationist” policy is that Ron Paul’s foreign policy would allow evil men to come to power unchecked by the threat of violence from America’s world police peacekeeping forces. But let’s forget for the moment that Hitler came to power in a society wrecked by economic sanctions by promising to make Germany prosperous again, or that Japan was deeply and negatively impacted by American tariffs put in place during the 1930’s (interestingly enough the subject of Ben Stein’s economics lesson in Ferris Beuller’s Day Off), or that as recently as yesterday our President was pleading his case for economic sanctions against Iranjust as economic sanctions against Iraq were part of the foreign policy of Bill Clinton and both George Bush’s. The question we should be asking is that, if American foreign policy was responsible for WWII as many believe (a supposition I’m not necessarily willing to grant), is this the policy actually advocated by Ron Paul?

In fact, his position is nearly the exact opposite of that policy. See this excerpt from his book The Revolution:

It is easy to dismiss the noninterventionist view as the quaint aspiration of men who lived in a less complicated world, but it’s not so easy to demonstrate how current policies serve any national interest at all. Perhaps an honest examination of the history of American interventionism in the twentieth century, from Korea to Kosovo to the Middle East, would reveal that the Founding Fathers foresaw more than we think.

Anyone who advocates the noninterventionist foreign policy of the Founding Fathers can expect to be derided as an isolationist. I myself have never been an isolationist. I favor the exact opposite of isolation: diplomacy, free trade, and freedom of travel. The real isolationists are those who impose sanctions and embargoes on countries and peoples across the globe because they disagree with the internal and foreign policies of their leaders. The real isolationists are those who choose to use force overseas to promote democracy, rather than seeking change through diplomacy, engagement, and by setting a positive example. The real isolationists are those who isolate their country in the court of world opinion by pursuing needless belligerence and war that have nothing to do with legitimate national security concerns.

A week after his interaction with McCain shown above, Paul gave a more detailed explanation in a town hall meeting:

In a way, McCain was correct. Isolationism probably was a factor leading up to World War II. But today, it is the rest of the GOP candidates (not to mention the current administration) who advocate a similar foreign policy… though the nation-building is an added twist.

The Bipartisan Empire

Another reason that many Conservatives avoid Ron Paul is that they have been hoodwinked into thinking that you have to be a “Liberal” in order to be opposed to “preemptive” war. In other words, if you oppose social issues typically associated with the political Left (abortion, welfare, etc) then you must support wars of aggression as part of the Republican platform. Tom Woods did an excellent job addressing this in a video I posted yesterday, so I won’t go into much detail on this point.

One needs look no farther than Barack Obama — who authorized preemptive military action in Libya, Yemen, and Somalia, while escalating the conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan — to see that being Liberal doesn’t rule out preemptive war (campaign promises to the contrary). The fact is: Empire-building is a bipartisan affair.

Whatever reasons one may have for supporting the expansion of the American Empire (to those who object to that term, what else can we call it when we have over 900 military bases in 130 countries?), the fact is that it is unsustainable. Here are just a few reasons why:

  • Economic — It is almost amusing that with so much talk of the need for budget cuts, it is political heresy to even consider cutting spending on the military. Yet with 60% of our 2012 budget going toward “National Security”, cuts coming only from the other 40% aren’t going to get us out of our economic woes.
  • Historical — No empire in history has survived for long being as widespread as we are (not that anyone has ever gotten close to the worldwide military presence we have). Whether from without or from within, empires always crumble, and there is no reason (other than blind nationalistic pride) to think that America would be any different.
  • Security — Many Americans seem to think that we need a vast network of overseas military bases to “keep America safe”. Assuming that at some point everyone would have to admit that there is such a thing as spending too much on “security”, one must ask when we will reach that point? Will it be when 100% of our budget is on security, or less than that? For me, at the very least, it would be some point long before we spent more on the military than every other nation in the world combined. I haven’t even touched on the idea of blowback (see video below) yet. It is very likely that our militarism actually makes us less safe. (This is also a good place to point out that Ron Paul differentiates between “defense” and “military” spending, and wants to actually increase spending on defense.) What will it take for you to feel “safe”?

The Dispensational Distortion

Evangelicals are particularly likely to steer clear of Ron Paul due to a perceived lack of support of Israel. Thanks to the relatively modern advent of dispensational theology, wide swaths of Christians (almost exclusively in America) have the notion that Scripture compels us to ally ourselves with the nation of Israel, to a fault. As I have written previously, I reject this idea, while remaining open to the acknowledgement that there may be many other reasons to support a political alliance with Israel.

Regardless of one’s views toward Israel, there remains the practical consideration of whether American Zionism is actually beneficial to Israel. Our current relationship has fostered such a dependency on America that we have undermined Israel’s sovereignty. Meanwhile, we continue to provoke Israel’s neighbors with our rhetoric and military presence, while providing Israel’s sworn enemies with seven times as much foreign aid as we give Israel. By what definition does this qualify as “support”?

Military Keynesianism

While the above three categories are reasons that “average” Conservative voters might have a problem with Paul’s foreign policy, this is the reason that the political establishment rejects it (and misrepresents it to the rest of us). The big-government spending philosophies of both parties require a constant stream of revenue flowing into the military-industrial complex. There exists the idea that war leads to economic prosperity as it provides jobs for a great many people, but the truth is that war never creates; it always destroys. The “prosperity” of wartime exists only because it creates a demand for products (bombs, bullets, bases, and many things that don’t start with “b”) that does not occur naturally within the market.

Ludwig von Mises once said, “War prosperity is like the prosperity that an earthquake or a plague brings.” An earthquake puts builders to work. A cholera outbreak means more business for morticians. But are these a net benefit to the economy?

Our Keynesian drive to “stimulate” the economy through military spending requires perpetual war. Because of this, the American people have been trained to see vital threats to our national security around every corner. “Get them before they get us” has become our mantra. Anyone who says otherwise is accused of “not supporting the troops”.

Click to enlarge.

It doesn’t have to be this way. Our troops know it. That’s why they support Ron Paul more than all the other candidates combined. History proves it. Every former enemy with which we trade freely is now an ally. Morality demands it. Any foreign policy that fails to account for the human cost of war and economic sanctions is a deeply flawed policy. Economics will force the issue. As our debt spirals out of control, with military spending leading the way, something’s got to give. Our currency is being devalued by the rampant inflation necessary to maintain the status quo. There’s no such thing as something for nothing, and eventually our creditors will come calling — unless the Americans whose wealth is being stolen to fund the Empire first rise up and force our government to stop.

Bottom Line

Here’s the deal: You can’t say you agree with Ron Paul on economics but not on foreign policy. They are one and the same. If you’re wondering how someone can make so much sense when he talks about economics while being totally off base on his foreign policy, then you probably don’t understand his foreign policy. I don’t blame you: It’s complex, and you’re not often going to get the opportunity to hear it accurately represented by the mainstream media. So here are a few bullet points to help summarize it, followed by some suggested further reading:

  • Ron Paul is not anti-war. He agrees with the Constitution that war must be authorized and declared by Congress, and that once war is declared we should get in, win, and come home again. Every military conflict since WWII has been an unconstitutional use of force, expanding the power of the Executive at the expense of the Legislature.
  • Ron Paul is not anti-defense. He agrees with the Constitution that it is the role of the Federal government to “provide for the common defence”, but disagrees that aggressive, preemptive, undeclared wars fall into that category.
  • Ron Paul is not an isolationist. He agrees with our Founding Fathers that we should have “Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations — entangling alliances with none.” (Thomas Jefferson)
  • Ron Paul is not naive. He understands that there is such a thing as evil in the world, but believes that peace and liberty are better tools for overcoming it than war and tyranny. “The glory of victory in a senseless war should never replace the dignity of peace in a sane world.” (from Liberty Defined)

For further reading, I suggest Paul’s books The Revolution: A Manifesto and especially A Foreign Policy of Freedom: Peace, Commerce, and Honest Friendship. But since you can’t read those before voting in tomorrow’s primary, this video serves as a great “crash course”!

Of all the enemies to public liberty war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from these proceed debts and taxes … known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few.… No nation could preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare.” ~ James Madison, Political Observations, 1795